In 1988, I was at a luncheon with a few friends and colleagues. We were all professionals who were progressing in our fields, but realizing that obtaining a doctorate would provide greater opportunities for advancement. We agreed that we wanted to be taken more seriously by others, wanted to do more research, teach full-time at a university, and take a leadership role in developing policy based on research. In addition we all wanted to become more intellectually engaged and affect positive social change. That day we made a pact to return to school and obtain our doctorates.
We all succeeded in fulfilling our pact. However, it took my colleagues 6 years longer than me to obtain their degrees. Years later when we reflected on our doctoral journey, it was apparent that my colleagues had selected a “wrong methodology” for their dissertation, and I had selected a “correct methodology.” One of the reasons I wrote Recipes was to help doctoral learners understand their research typology, which will likely help make the dissertation process a more palatable one.
Take the survey on Choosing your Research Method and see if this helps inform your research journey.
A common question I hear from students is about who they should seek out to be members of their committee. I find it useful to consider your committee members as your team, which each member playing an important role.
Obviously a key role is played by your dissertation chair (in some schools referred to as dissertation mentor). Your chair is your advocate and agent on the committee, as well as your chief advisor. Usually your proposal or final dissertation drafts will not go to other committee members until your chair has approved the draft for distribution. Depending on the culture and process at your university, your chair will read multiple drafts of chapters or sections of your proposal, providing feedback and suggestions along the way. They may also challenge your ideas, identify writing problems, or refer you to source material or even new ways of thinking about your proposed research.
Think of your committee members as supporting members of the team who bring particular assets and resources to the committee. These may include theoretical knowledge, methodological expertise, or a deep knowledge of the literature. Sometimes members may come from outside your university, depending on your need and the university policy. Good committee members will bring different perspectives to a problem and study, even challenge your thinking or methodology, all in an effort to improve your work and help you write a more effective proposal and a stronger dissertation.
You will usually have the opportunity to select one or more committee members in addition to your chair. Sometimes members are assigned by the university. Check the policy at your own school so you know what to expect. When selecting or nominating members, try to choose those who add value to your committee due to knowledge or expertise. You might find it useful to think back to faculty members you had as course instructors or met at a residency, and with whom you resonated. You want to make sure to build a team that can work well together. Keep your chair apprised of your plans every step of the way. They can often suggest other faculty members as possible committee members.
It’s worth keeping a few “road rules” in mind in working with your committee:
- Respect every committee members’ time and effort. Don’t repeatedly send drafts for review that only have minor changes from the previous draft.
- Work with your chair to pull proposal or dissertation drafts into shape before circulating to committee members, and only do so when your chair indicates the draft is ready for committee review.
- BE RESPONSIVE to the feedback and suggestions you receive. Nothing angers a chair or committee member more than to have their concerns and suggestions ignored and the same errors or issues show up in the next draft. To this end, I recommend use of a change chart or revision log (see Guides section of this website) to track committee comments and the changes you have made in response.
Remember that your dissertation team wants you to succeed, and they have invested their time in helping you to succeed. Critical, intellectual feedback is a gift, and should be treated as such. Certainly you can disagree with committee members’ comments, and you do not have to slavishly follow their guidance. Faculty are used to this give and take with doctoral learners, and they will respect your right to disagree with a particular change. However you must be responsive, and be prepared to explain why you chose not to make a revision that they requested. In the end, the product of your dissertation work is a team project, and both you and your committee want it to be a product of which everyone is proud.
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